If your child has speech and language difficulties there are lots of things you can do at home to help them to feel more confident with speaking and understanding.
One thing we have learnt from the speech and language therapists is never to tell a child they are making a sound or using a word wrongly, but simply to model it back to the child correctly.
So if they point to the cat and say, "Tat."
You say, "Yes, that's a cat."
It is very important that children develop confidence with language and are not afraid of getting it wrong. The crucial thing was that they wanted to communicate with you about the cat, not that they said the word correctly!
It is also important that children feel that language is useful and that it is a way to express themselves.
They need to see that you are listening to them when they speak ...
...and you need to show them that you expect them to listen when you speak.
This can involve things like making eye contact with the child when you or they are speaking and responding to what they say by making a comment or asking a question.
If your child has difficulty with understanding, make sure that you:
If your child has seen a Speech and Language Therapist (SALT), they will probably have given you exercises or activities to do at home with your child.
Playing is the best way to develop 2-way communication in your child.
Children with language difficulties are often quite resistant to doing activities with other people and prefer to do their own thing, so you have to find the right moment and follow their lead to get them interested.
Useful things to play would be:
Some useful websites for parents are: